Meaning and significance of the preamble of India

The Preamble of India is an introductory statement that serves as a preface to the Indian Constitution. It outlines the basic principles, values, and objectives that guide the Constitution and the Indian state. The preamble reads:

“We, the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic and to secure to all its citizens:

Justice, social, economic and political;
Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
Equality of status and of opportunity;
and to promote among them all Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation.”

The preamble is significant for several reasons. Firstly, it reaffirms India’s commitment to democracy, secularism, socialism, and a republic form of government. Secondly, it outlines the fundamental rights and freedoms of citizens, such as justice, liberty, and equality. Thirdly, it emphasizes the importance of unity and national integration in a diverse country like India. Finally, it sets the tone and direction for the rest of the Constitution, guiding lawmakers and citizens alike on the principles and values that should inform governance and decision-making.

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