Local self-government bodies in Maharashtra

Gram Panchayats (Village Councils): These are the lowest level of the rural local government system, responsible for providing basic civic amenities in villages. Gram Panchayats are headed by a Sarpanch and are divided into wards.

Panchayat Samitis (Block Councils): These are the intermediate level of the rural local government system, responsible for supervising the functioning of Gram Panchayats in their respective blocks. Each Panchayat Samiti is headed by a President.

Municipal Corporations, Municipal Councils, and Nagar Panchayats (Urban Councils): These are the local government bodies responsible for providing basic civic amenities in urban areas. Municipal Corporations are established in cities with a population of more than one million, while Municipal Councils are established in areas with a population of less than one million. Nagar Panchayats are established in areas that are in transition from a rural area to an urban area. The head of these bodies is known as the Mayor or President.

The functions of these local self-government bodies include providing basic amenities like water supply, sanitation, street lights, garbage collection, and maintenance of roads, among others. They also have the power to levy and collect taxes for their respective areas. These bodies are responsible for the overall development and growth of their respective regions.


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