The Preamble of the Constitution of India serves as an introduction to the Constitution and highlights its fundamental values and principles. It outlines the objectives and aspirations of the Constitution and reflects the basic philosophy of the Indian Constitution.
The Preamble contains the essence of the Constitution, as it declares India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, and republic nation. These five key components of the preamble form the basic structure of the Indian Constitution and provide the foundation for the entire constitutional framework.
Furthermore, the Preamble is an integral part of the Constitution and is enforceable in a court of law. It has been interpreted by the Indian judiciary as a source of power and authority for the Constitution. It is considered a part of the Constitution and not a mere ornamental preface. The Supreme Court has held that the Preamble is an important key to understanding the Constitution, and its provisions must be given due weight in interpreting the Constitution.
Overall, the Preamble plays a significant role in the interpretation and application of the Constitution and serves as a guide for the functioning of the Indian state.